The brochure text is reproduced below.
A Referral Center for Southwestern Michigan
Kalamazoo Gastroenterology Service has long been a referral center for southwestern Michigan for patients requiring the attention of a subspecialist. Our gastroenterologists receive over 20,000 visits from patients each year. We see many of those patients at 10 satellite clinics located in hospitals and medical offices throughout the area we serve. For a listing of these clinics, see the back cover of this brochure.
The Level of Support You Desire
Our gastroenterologists give referring physicians the level of support each desires. In many cases, physicians ask us to manage the diagnosis and treatment of their patients. Naturally, we refer all patients back to their primary care physicians for problems not related to our specialty. Often, we perform procedures specifically requested by physicians and relay the findings to them to aid them in the management of their patients.
Communicating With Referring Physicians
For emergent patients referred to us, we contact the referring physician by phone with a report. For those patients referred to us for routine office consultation, we write letters to the referring physician detailing our diagnosis, recommendations and treatment.
An Individualized Approach to Patients
Every patient referred to us for diagnosis, treatment or both is assigned to one of our gastroenterologists. That gastroenterologist follows the patient through the entire course of his or her care. Because of this, each patient gets the kind of individual attention and continuity of care that is not always available from a group practice.
Advances in Gastroenterology
After many years of stability, the field of gastroenterology is undergoing dramatic change; and the pace of that change seems to be increasing. The most important developments involve the integration of diagnosis with treatment. Advances in endoscopy now enable the gastroenterologist to view, diagnose and, when appropriate, even treat conditions during a single procedure.
What These Advances Mean For The Patient
As a result of these advances, the need for surgical intervention has been eliminated in some cases. Since patients avoid surgery, they have vastly reduced recovery times—minutes and hours instead of days and weeks.
Not every patient will benefit from these new techniques, but we always consider them before recommending surgery. In the event that surgery is necessary, we consult with you to find out which surgeon you would prefer your patient to see.
Kalamazoo Gastroenterology is uniquely situated to handle critical patients. Our practice is located inside Bronson Methodist Hospital. Bronson’s Trauma and Emergency Center is a regional referral center. It is staffed around the clock every day of the year by experienced trauma surgeons and emergency medicine physicians. Bronson also has fully-equipped intensive care facilities for patients who require such care during their stay. Naturally, our gastroenterologists are available at all times to serve your critical patients.
Common Procedures for Gastrointestinal Problems
Below is a discussion of many of the most common procedures we use to diagnose and treat patients referred to us.
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common problem and is sometimes life-threatening. We currently employ three methods for treating such problems:
1. Sclerotherapy – This involves the injection of irritant solutions through an endoscope into the area of the bleeding. This method is used primarily for esophageal varices. It is also being used for other bleeding lesions of the gut.
2. Electrocautery – A heater probe is inserted through an endoscope to cauterize the bleeding vessel. Cases of bleeding ulcers and arterio-venous malformation are most often treated this way.
3. Laser Therapy – Most often, the laser is used to open malignant obstructions of the esophagus or rectum. It is sometimes used instead of a heater probe to stop a hemorrhage.
All of these methods are alternatives to surgery. Of course, not every case responds well to these therapies; some cases may require surgery.
Biliary And Pancreatic Duct Problems
Problems in the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct can now be diagnosed and treated endoscopically. Here are a few common procedures:
1. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography – This technique allows the injection of a radiopaque medium through a cannula into the bile duct or pancreatic duct. Chronic pancreatitis, strictures (benign or malignant) and stones may be diagnosed with this technique.
2. Gallstone Removal – Using an alternative to surgery, gallstones can be removed from the common bile duct by means of a sphincterotomy and extractive balloon.
3. Stenting – A temporary or permanent stent bypasses blocked ducts and allows them to drain.
Colon and Rectal Conditions
Colonoscopy allows the gastroenterologist to diagnose and treat a number of conditions during the same session.
1. Polyps – Once these have been diagnosed, they can be removed during the same procedure.
2. Hemorrhoids – Colonoscopy can diagnose many cases of hemorrhoids. Electrocautery can then be used on internal hemorrhoids, but effective treatment of external hemorrhoids may require surgery.
3. Colorectal Tumors – In some cases, these tumors can be removed during the diagnostic examination.
Patients generally have little or no pain after these procedures and, in most cases, are able to resume their activities the very next day.
Three Other Common Conditions
Three other common conditions we treat are:
1. Esophageal Obstruction – We stent the esophagus to maintain patency in cases where it has become blocked by malignancy.
2. Esophageal Dilatation – We open the esophagus using a graduated dilator with a guide wire when the esophagus has become restricted due to such conditions are Schatski’s Ring or reflux-induced strictures.
3. Foreign Body Removal – Foreign bodies lodged in the upper GI tract can be removed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD).
Cases Requiring Medical Management
Many gastrointestinal problems require long-term care. We highlight some major groups here.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease includes ulcerative colitis, proctitis and Chröhn’s disease among others. After diagnosis, we educate the patient on how to live with these diseases. This includes consultation concerning proper diet and medication.
For those patients who require it, we have expertise in the use of hyperalimentation. It allows the patient to receive all necessary nutrition, while giving the digestive system a rest.
Once the patient is stable, the referring physician has the option of continuing therapy. When the primary care physician assumes care of the patient, the patient only visits us once a year, or as needed.
As gastroenterologists we are also trained as hepatologists. We treat all liver diseases with particular emphasis on serious conditions such as hepatitis, biliary tract disease including obstruction, congenital conditions, and the complications of cirrhosis.
We use liver biopsies, laparoscopy, and radiologic imaging studies to aid in the diagnosis of many liver conditions.
Most often, we offer supportive care through nutrition and medication to maintain the quality of life for the patient. Where indicated, we refer patients for transplantation to various transplant centers throughout the United States, and we supervise these transplant patients after they return home.
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Peptic Ulcer Disease is one of the most common problems we treat. This disease is actually a spectrum of diseases. The vast majority of patients recover, and because excellent medications are now available, many never have a recurrence. Ongoing care is often handled by primary care physicians. After the initial treatment, we generally follow such patients on an as-needed basis.
Malabsorption and other nutritional problems can be a challenge to diagnoses and may require a small bowel biopsy or an evaluation of pancreatic function. Registered dietitians are available for additional counseling, when needed. When intensive inpatient nutritional therapy is called for, we insert central intravenous catheters and manage the hyperalimentation.
Center for Digestive Health & Disease
We make frequent use of the Center for Digestive Health & Disease located in Bronson Methodist Hospital. The center is the most comprehensive gastrointestinal laboratory in southwestern Michigan.
The center’s up-to-date equipment includes:
1. Video endoscopy – This equipment provides the gastroenterologist with the clearest image and, if necessary, a videotaped record.
2. Special endoscopes – The center has a wide range of endoscopes which:
- allow lateral viewing into the common bile duct.
- remove blood for better viewing when treating bleeding problems.
- are designed for use with lasers.
- are sized for use on pediatric patients.
3. Lasers – These work well for tumor ablation in the esophagus, stomach or colon in cases where surgery would not be effective or practical. They are also used on patients with polyposis syndromes.
4. Manometry – The center has instruments that can record pressures in the esophagus. These instruments are useful for the diagnostic evaluation of dysphagia and atypical chest pain. Rectal manometry helps assess constipation and fecal incontinence.
Nurses and technicians who staff the center have special training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal problems. They are an important part of the center’s interdisciplinary team which includes the gastroenterologist, surgeon, radiologist, pathologist, dietitian, and nurse-specialist.
Interdisciplinary teams regularly work with patients who need special help after treatment to adjust to a new set of physical, emotional and social challenges. For example, patients who have had colostomies and ileostomies receive ongoing assistance through the center.
Our Office Staff
Our office staff has extensive training and long experience in the handling of gastrointestinal patients. All of our staff of RNs are certified gastrointestinal assistants. All of our technicians are certified gastrointestinal technicians.
No matter whom you talk with when you call us, that person will be able to take your referral and schedule your patient. Any of our staff will be happy to answer questions you may have about patients you refer to us.
Referrals and Insurance
To refer a patient to us, simply call us. Once we have the patient’s name, address, and telephone number, and the reason for the referral, we will contact the patient and give him or her the necessary information concerning the office visit or procedure requested.
We accept nearly all health insurance including Medicare, Medicaid, Blue Cross, Blue Care Network, Physicians Health Plan, IBA and all major group and individual plans. Where applicable, we bill insurance on behalf of the patient. We send statements to the patient only after we have received payment from his or her plan.
Seminars and Speakers
Our gastroenterologists are available for speaking engagements, grand rounds, and continuing medical education. Call us if you have a request and we will try to accommodate you.